The following is information on the Rhino Orphan named: SOLIO  (foster now)

Name Gender Date Born Location Found Age on Arrival Comments Reason for being Orphaned
 SOLIO  Female  April 2010 Solio Ranch  6 months old  She was found standing by her injured mother whose shattered shoulder prevented her from standing and she could no longer protect her calf  Poaching 

Latest Updates on SOLIO:

View to Location map for SOLIO (opens a new window)

Most Recent Keeper's Diary Entry: (view all the latest entries for SOLIO)

10/9/2017 - At 6am Solio encountered a gang of buffalos on her way to the Nursery. They were in the bushes surrounding Maxwell’s stockade. They charged at her trying to scare her back into the forest but she managed to dodge them and she came round to visit Maxwell, and get some tasty lucerne as well.

When the babies were in the forest the buffalos were still there standing under a tree. Ndiwa saw them and walked towards them. They didn’t seem to mind her company but they didn’t like the keepers and started walking away. Ndiwa followed them and the keepers tried to call her back but she kept following the buffalos. They had to run ahead and hide in the bushes from the buffalos, while trying to separate Ndiwa from them and eventually they managed, but it was quite a chase! She came back running and shouting in fear of being told off! Esampu, Sana Sana, Malkia and Mbegu ran to respond to her trumpeting. They all received her warmly with lots of hugging from Mbegu.
Very sadly one of the two arrivals from yesterday’s rescue died as she succumbed to her condition. The other one is very young and is doing okay but has a swollen foot and an injury down one side.

The little stubborn boy Maktao was well behaved during the public visit today. He was one of the first ones to get into the mud pool and after some time Jotto joined him as well, and they enjoyed wading together up and down in the mud. When Malima and Esampu jumped into the mud he moved away to his own spot so as not to get squashed by the bully girl.

The Two Latest Photos of SOLIO: (view gallery of pictures for SOLIO)

 Solio paying a visit Solio
Solio paying a visit
photo taken on 6/13/2017
photo taken on 6/13/2017


The very word Solio is indicative of saving the Black Rhino as a species here in Kenya, for when Black Rhinos had all but disappeared from their natural native ranges, including Tsavo National Park (once the home of 8,000), it was on 17,500 acre Solio Ranch under tight security that the species managed to proliferate from a mere handful introduced 40 years ago to some 90 individuals. And it is from the Solio population that rhinos have been reintroduced to other Protected Areas since the 80’s. It was also to Solio that David Sheldrick moved Tsavo East’s orphaned rhino Reudi in the 60’s, who was continually under attack from other rhinos, and who became the breeding bull of the ranch. Consequently Reudi has probably fathered most of the living rhinos in Kenya today. Subsequent to that, in 1976 when David was transferred from Tsavo East to head the Planning Unit in Nairobi, two remaining Tsavo rhino orphans, Stroppie and Pushmi were also transferred to Solio where he knew they would be protected and cared for. There they lived in a 50 acre paddock until Stroppie recently died of old age in her late thirties but Pushmi survives still, undoubtedly the oldest rhino in Kenya, and a stunning specimen with a magnificent horn.

Solio ranch nestels between the Aberdare mountains & mount Kenya  The team wait to meet the baby rhino

On the airstrip

Recently, however, Solio has also come under attack and some of its rhinos have been poached. One such casualty could be the mother of our most recent orphan who was rescued on the 23rd September, the mother rendered immobile from her injuries, however to be clear the reason for her injury has not been confirmed.
The Rescue alert came to us during the afternoon of the 23rd September 2010 when a Caravan aircraft was with 4 Keepers aboard plus all the paraphernalia required to overpower and airlift back to the Nursery what we were told was a 6 month old calf. However, when the Rescue Party arrived, they found that the young rhino was thought to be older than 6 months – probably closer to a year, and extremely feisty – far too aggressive to risk being in a plane. Having already been immobilized to load into a crate, the KWS Vet in attendance did not want to risk another sedation hence the Rescue Plane returned empty, leaving the two Keepers with the young rhino.

The keepers that went on Solio's rescue  The keepers on the plane

The rhino baby arrives already in a crate in the back of a blue canter  The team that helped capture the calf & the crate in the back of the vehicle

The Keepers had not anticipated spending a freezing night at high altitude, without blankets or food. Angela phoned a friend, Tanya Church, who happens to own the recently built small exclusive Lodge on the Ranch. They came to the rescue, bringing blankets, food and water to the stranded Keepers, who spent an uncomfortable night beside the crated rhino on the Solio Airfield.

Amos waits on the airstrip for the arrival of the rhino  They come prepared with crate and cricket pads

Discussions take place between Mr. Parfet & the KWS Vet  Matthew the KWS ranger with Zoom Zoom behind

Meanwhile, Lewa very kindly provided the truck needed, and the rhino arrived on our doorstep at 5 a.m. in morning of the 24th, waking up all the elephants in the Nursery who began bellowing for their milk earlier than usual.

The problem was now how to unload what was an extremely weighty cargo which actually required a Fork Lift or a Block and Tackle. Neither were available locally, so it required the ingenuity and expertise of Robert (Angela's husband) to undertake this task and this he did, with the help of tow ropes attached to the crate and pulled in unison by two Landrovers, with all the Keepers beside the crate to ensure that it remained upright as it was gradually eased down a ramp onto log rollers. This was accomplished successfully, and the next essential was to inoculate the calf with antibiotics to forestall pneumonia and other ailments brought on by stress due to a resultant depressed immune system. Crouched on top of the Crate, and using pole syringe, Robert managed to inject both the antibiotic, and vitamins.

Early am the vehicle arrives in Nairobi

Robert Carr-Hartley directs unloading proceedings  Some of the other nursery inhabitants

The little rhino was extremely strong still, but quite obviously badly in need of both water and sustenance. Thereafter the Crate was maneuvered to the dividing entrance to Kandecha’s night Stockade, abutting the one set aside for the new rhino, so that the newcomer could be let out into Kandecha’s quarters, and the crate then hauled back through the entrance to its designated Stockade.
She came out hesitatingly, and thereafter repeatedly smashed against the walls and door of the Stockade, attempting to deal with all in sight. Only the soft exhalation of breath - the sound with which a mother calls its baby, relaxed the calf a little, indicated by the attitude of the ears, but the little rhino was nevertheless still far too aggressive to risk being handled. Once the Crate was out of the way, the calf was tempted into its designated Stockade and the dividing door between the two stockades closed by remote control, everyone still keeping well out of the way!

The crate is removed from the truck  The crate is maneuvered to the stockade door

Dame Daphne watches preceedings  The exhausted occupant, Solio, a little female calf

The new orphan is a female, and named Solio. She is extremely important to the survival of the species since the demand for rhino horn in the Far East is rapidly driving this ancient species to extinction. Her Stockade abuts that of blind Maxwell, who was very interested in the entire procedure, and whose rhino scent will hopefully help provide a calming influence for the calf because she will know she is not alone.

Maxwell in the stockade next door gives Solio the beady eye  Maxwell fascinated by the presence of Solio

Solio's next door neighbour, Maxwell, replete & enjoying a snooze  Maxwell snoozing

Shida who puts himself into his stockade for visiting, but is otherwise a free & wild rhino

Two Keepers have been with the little rhino constantly since that day. A bottle brush strapped onto a long stick seems to have done the trick and the tickling brush has caressed Solio into submission and she is now totally trusting of the Keepers and insatiable in her desires to be pampered with mudwallow rubbing, dust baths and tickling. Those can all take place at close quarters now, and the tickling brush has now been discarded.

The scratching brush in action  Armed with the feeding bottle adapted for long distance feeding and a scratching brush

The challenge of feeding the calf & taming her down begins  Solio rests up

Daphne oversees Solio's pampering  Maxwell

Hassan with a much tamed down little Solio  Emmanuel & Solio


Please see the resources above for more information on SOLIO

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