With agriculture and human settlement encroaching into wildlife habitats, disrupting migratory routes and protected boundaries, the use of electrical fencing has become an important part of conservation management. The David Sheldrick Trust has been erecting and maintaining hundreds of kilometres of fence-lines to limit this growing conflict over natural resources. These include 74kms along the Tsavo East Park Northern Boundary, a 42km electric fence circumventing the Kibwezi Forest and a barrier fence along the South Eastern boundary of Nairobi National Park. All fencing has not only proved highly successful in reducing the effects of conflict between wildlife and local communities but also in curbing the nocturnal intrusion of poachers and wildlife offenders.
The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust has focused on the important issue of water for many years during its work in the arid Tsavo Conservation area. With limited rainfall, which in recent years has shown a drastic decline, arid areas such as Tsavo and Lamu are first to suffer from prolonged drought. To address this threat to the wildlife within these habitats, the DSWT has established nine boreholes and five windmills to enhance the dry season productivity, as well as instigating temporary water-relief programs to relieve suffering.
Effective conservation management must also tackle the on-going maintenance of infrastructure in the field. The DSWT works throughout all of its dedicated conservation areas clearing firebreaks airfields, as well as establishing and expanding radio networks ensuring better communication. The DSWT has also cleared hundreds of kilometres of roads and security access tracks throughout the Tsavo Conservation Area, whilst ensuring on-going maintenance.
The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust P.O. Box 15555 Nairobi Kenya