Treatment All the wounds were cleaned using clean water then debrided using 10% hydrogen peroxide and a tincture of iodine applied topically onto the wounds, then sprayed using oxytetracycline spray and cloxacillin ointment. The lion was also treated using antibiotics (Betamox) and flunixine meglumine administered intramuscularly. Blood samples were collected in EDTA coated tubes and plain tubes coated with clot retractor and kept in a cool box, tissue samples and ectoparasites were also collected and kept in 70% ethanol solution awaiting further laboratory analysis. Anaesthesia Revival The animal was revived from anaesthesia after about 40 minutes using 20mgs of Atipamezole Hcl administered intramuscularly, it took about 15 minutes to rise up though still it could not move properly and was unable to hunt for itself, on that day we fed it on a freshly dead impala. Prognosis was favorable after treatment because the wounds had not become septiceamic, it also had good appetite. It was to be monitored closely on a daily basis by security rangers to know its progress just in case it required further attention. Translocation of elephants from Narok area to Maasai Mara NR. In the recent past cases of human-wildlife conflict have tremendously increased in Narok area, this has been attributed to increase in human population, conversion of wild range land into agriculture and loss of habitat for animals. Most of the reported conflict cases in Narok are human-elephant conflict cases. Elephants are usually involved in human injuries, human deaths, crop destruction and other property destruction. The area is becoming unsustainable for wildlife conservation if the current trend of crop farming, charcoal burning and tree logging continues. In order to reduce the number of incidences of human-elephant conflict, the local community have agreed to translocate the 200 elephants to Maasai Mara where there is adequate space for conservation. In the first phase of translocation, 62 elephants were successfully captured and transported to Maasai Mara during the month of September, 2011.
Family groups of elephants were darted from a helicopter using different dosages of etorphine Hcl combined with hyaluronidase and then loaded onto the transportation trucks before being driven to Maasai Mara a distance of about 150 kilometers to the release site.
Conclusion The unit has been attending to all reported cases of wildlife injuries and sicknesses in the Mara and other parts of Central Rift area. KWS is very much grateful for the support of the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust (DSWT) towards provision of wildlife veterinary services in Maasai Mara and other parts of the Central Rift Conservation area; this has significantly contributed to wildlife conservation in these areas which are facing the challenge of human-wildlife conflict and loss of wildlife habitat. Report by: Dr. Domnic Mijele