Immobilization and examination Immobilization was achieved by use of 13mgs etorphine delivered through daninject darting system. It took eight minutes for the drug to take full effect. On examination, the elephant appeared to have been injured on the front left leg specifically at elbow joint. The injury seemed to have been inflicted by a sharp object most likely a spear. Other wounds were seen around the withers left flank and caudally at the left rump. The wound at the elbow was severe involving the joint capsule and was septic. All the other wounds were shallow and dry.
Treatment All the wounds were copiously lavaged with plenty of water; debris cleaned by hydrogen peroxide and disinfected with lugols iodine. Topical wound spray was applied. In addition1 5000mgs of amoxicillin was also administered parenterally.
Revival 42mgs of diprenorphine HCL was administered through the ear vein and the elephant was able to rise up through assistance (pulling by use of ropes) Prognosis Guarded to poor because of involvement of joint capsule Case 2 (Post mortem) Specie: Cheetah Sex: male Age: Adult Location: Talek area (Masai-Mara) Date: 18/4/2013 History This cheetah was a member of three brothers who were born in the year 2006.One of the brothers had since died after being attacked by lions. The remaining two had occupied a territory occasionally frequented by lions. On the fateful day, a pride of lions ambushed the two and this particular cheetah was unlucky. Lions caught up with him and caused serious injuries. The cheetah however died before any veterinary intervention could be carried out.
Physical examination: The cheetah was in good body condition. Injuries were seen around groin area, left thoracic region and left scrotal area. Post mortem examination On post mortem, the following findings were noted: Spinal cord at the lumbar region was damaged with fracture of the lumbar vertebrae noted. The tissues around this area were becoming gangrenous. There was a wound penetrating into pleural cavity between 3rd and 4th left ribs. This caused pneumothorax.The lungs had collapsed. Right scrotal tear exposing the testical.
Conclusion This particular cheetah could have died of respiratory failure given that both lungs had collapsed due to pneumothorax. Report by: Dr.Campaign Limo