THE TSAVO MOBILE VETERINARY UNIT
REPORT FOR - April 2014

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Tsavo Conservation Area Veterinary Field Report – April 2014

Reported by Dr Jeremiah Poghon

Introduction

The Tsavo region continued to receive some rains throughout the month of April which has kept the ecosystem lush green with plenty of water and forage. The case load was low compared to previous months of the year. The rains are expected to subside in the coming months paving way for drying up of temporary water holes and diminished forage. Some of the cases handled in the month included an elephant in Chyulu area that had to be euthanized. Another case in Ithumba was treated for multiple arrow shots on the body and also succumbed a few days later. The Sky Vet Team also did a great job while the unit was away on off duty.

Interventions carried our during the month are as follows

CASE #1 IMMOBILISATION AND EUTHANASIA OF A FEMALE ELEPHANT

Date: 11 April 2014

Species: Elephant

Sex: Female

Age: Sub Adult

Location: Chyulu National Park

History:

A young elephant cow was reported to appear sickly and was seen moving slowly and in pain. As the report came late in the evening the Vet Team was unable to travel until the following day. The young elephant cow was found already recumbent and struggling to get up. She was assisted to get up and after close monitoring the elephant was darted with 15 mgs of Etorphine in a Dan Inject Dart System.

The elephant was already recumbent   The Vet Team assisted the elephant to stand

General Examination

Close examination revealed very poor body condition, scale of 2/5, signs of straining to defecate due to serious abdominal pain and emaciation.

After thorough analysis it was deemed appropriate to euthanize her due to lack of external obvious injury and the possibility of poaching by the neighboring community.

The elephant was clearly in a lot of pain  Sadly the elephant had to be euthanased

Conclusion

After euthanasia, autopsy revealed massive suppurative nephritis that had spread along the vertebral column. The massive pockets of pus could rapture internally leading to severe fatal peritonitis.

An autopsy revealed a severe internal infection  There was a lot of pus indicating a severe infection

CASE #2: TREATMENT OF A MALE ELEPHANT

Date: 19 April 2014

Species: Elephant

Sex: Male

Age: Adult

Location: Ithumba, Tsavo East

History:

The elephant was spotted near the Ithumba-Kasala road walking with a lot of difficulty and with numerous arrows heads protruding from his body. The vet team was rushed in by air and easily found the heavily injured elephant hobbling about.

Immobilization and treatment:

Immobilization was done using 18 mgs of Etorphine and the elephant easily went down in a few minutes. Several arrows were removed from the right side of the body, wounds cleaned with hydrogen peroxide, doused with tincture of Iodine and covered with green clay.  A tractor was used to flip him over so that the injuries on the left side could be accessed. The same procedure was also done on the left side.

A male elephant was found with several arrow wounds  The Vet probes the wounds to remove foreign objects

Many arrows were removed from the elephant  There is a lot of pus that is removed from the wounds

A large wound with pus near the left elbow joint was opened up, cleaned with water mixed in hydrogen peroxide, doused with tincture of Iodine, sprayed with Oxytetracycline Spray and finally covered in green clay. Long acting antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs were administered.

The wounds are cleaned with Iodine and Water  A deep wound on the left elbow was drained of pus

Prognosis:

Poor

OTHER ACTIVITIES

  1. Lion collaring of exercise of which three lions were to be collared was attempted in Kuku ranch near Chyulu hills in vain. The exercise was undertaken at night as the lions were very shy and could not come near the darting vehicle despite broadcasting of animal in distress calls.
  2. Elephant Tuberculosis Serological Survey is ongoing of which 9 elephants have so far been tested with all have returning negative results.

CONCLUSION

The unit acknowledges the vital role of its sponsors VIER PFOTEN through the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust (DSWT) for their continued support to the unit. We also thank the Kenya Wildlife Service management in Tsavo and Nairobi for their contribution to the unit.

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