THE TSAVO MOBILE VETERINARY UNIT
REPORT FOR - September 2006

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Activities for September started on 2nd with the report of a seven-year-old elephant at Kasigau in Tsavo West. We visited the area and found it in the same location it was sighted the previous day by rangers on patrol.

The elephant was found in Kasigau

There was a large swelling at the right elbow and the animal could hardly move even on dart impact. The injury which seemed to be from a poisoned arrow was very infected and the infection may have entered the joint.

The immobilised elephant  The right elbow is extremely swollen

Dr. Ndeereh checks the wound  The wound seems to have been caused by a poisoned arrow

The animal could barely use the leg and its body condition was poor. The prognosis for recovery was poor for the condition could not be managed effectively. The animal was therefore put down and the tusks recovered.

The elephant is euthanased as progonsis for its recovery was very poor

Thereafter, we were called to Oldonyo Wuas in the Chyulu Hills on 3rd to remove a snare from an elephant. The snare was reported to be on the neck. Before we left Tsavo, another bull was reported to have a spear injury on the neck in the same place. On the way, we were informed that both elephants had not been seen that day and the game scouts were out looking for them. Meanwhile, Amboseli reported a bull elephant with a spear wound on the left hindquarter that was being monitored by rangers. We therefore decided to visit Amboseli first while the search for the other two at Oldonyo Wuas continued. We found the bull elephant still being monitored and proceeded to immobilise it.

The bull's left hindquarter is clearly swollen  The bull is darted

Dr. Ndeereh checks the bull's breathing

The wound was fresh and not yet infected. It was very deep with a lot of internal muscle damage. Given the extent of the injury, we thought that the spear possibly was lodged in the body and another elephant might have plucked it out. The elephant went down on the injured side and we had to turn it on the other side to be able to examine and treat the injury. This was achieved by use of two four-wheel vehicles. Treatment was successful and no complications are expected.

The spear wound on the left hindquarter  The wound is very deep

Cleaning the wound  Disinfecting the wound after cleaning

The bull back on its feet after being given the revival drug

The Amboseli research team will monitor it. By evening, Oldonyo Wuas reported no success in tracking down the elephants. We visited the place the next day and by the aid of an aircraft, a herd of five elephant bulls was seen deep in thick bushes where they could not be pursued. We waited until evening when the herd came out to an area where immobilisation could be done. In the group, there was none with a snare but we could see the one said to have a spear injury on the neck. However, when observed with binoculars, our opinion was different; it was not a spear injury. There was no injury on the neck, but the left ear pinna had two injuries, one puncture wound and another on the inner side. They were small injuries that could have recovered on their own but we decided to immobilise the elephant to help determine the cause.

The immobilised bull  The wounds on the left ear pinna

Dr. Ndeereh cleans the wounds  Checking the wounds

The wounds after being cleaned  Dr. Ndeereh disinfects the wounds, which were on the left ear pinna

The elephant back on its feet after treatment

This was however difficult even on a closer view and our hypothesis was that this could have been the elephant initially reported to us with a snare on the neck. It might have managed to remove the snare and in the process injured the ear. Only one game scout saw the snare and he could not confirm the identity of the elephant when called to do so when immobilised. On our way back to Tsavo from Oldonyo Wuas and Amboseli, we were informed of a young zebra at Komboyo in Tsavo West with a wire snare on the left hind leg.

The zebra was snared by the leg

We easily located the zebra because it had not moved far from where it was initially sighted.

Moving in to Immobilise the zebra  Removing the snare from the tree

Cutting the snare  Removing the snare from around the zebra's leg

Dr. Ndeereh disinfects the wound  The wound caused by the snare, after treatment

It was immobilised and the snare removed. We also topically treated the injury and gave it some systemic antibiotic and an analgesic to relieve pain.

A systematic antibiotic is administered  The zebra getting to its feet

The zebra back on its feet after receiving treatment  Giving the zebra some water

The zebra has a drink of water

Currently, we are involved in an ongoing translocation of about four hundred elephants. One hundred and thirty two have already been removed from Ngulia black rhino sanctuary in an operation that took about 10 days. Thirty-eight were removed in June this year while 17 were driven out in October last year using a helicopter. Sixty-two were physically counted from the air remaining in the 63 Sq. Km sanctuary. The objective was to remove all the elephants to ease pressure on the habitat and reduce competition with the rhinos for water and browse. The operation was suspended on 21st September for the team to proceed to Shimba Hills to move 250 to northern Tsavo East. The Shimba operation is estimated to take about a month from the 29th of September. The remaining elephants in Ngulia will be removed at a latter date. The Mobile Veterinary Unit operated by The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust working with the Kenyan Wildlife Service and funded by Vier Pfoten.

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