The Mara Mobile Veterinary Unit
Field Report - December 2008
Revival from anaesthesia and release
The animal was then revived from anaesthesia using 24mgs of Diprenorphine hydrochloride combined with 5mgs of Atipamezole hydrochloride administered through the ear-vein; it rose up after 2 minutes and joined the rest of the antelopes.
The roan had good chances of recovery from the injuries inflicted by the wire, the irritant had been removed and treatment for bacterial infection instituted. It had good appetite and the body condition likely to recover within a short time.
Removal of a snare and treatment of two Rothschild giraffes in Ruma National park
The two giraffes were found in a plain field towards Nyadenda gate, one of them was a sub-adult male with a very deep cut on the planter surface of the left hind leg. The wound was so severe with intense pain and haemorrhage that the giraffe could hardly move. The other giraffe was an adult female with a swollen right hind limb encircled with a slight cut and could be seen limping as it moved.
The sub-adult male giraffe had a severe wound on the planter side of the right hind leg, the tight wire had cut through all the muscle layers and only the bone remained intact. It was then captured by darting on the right shoulder and the drug took effect within a few minutes. The wire was retrieved from the wound and the wound cleaned up and treated as usual. Later on anaesthesia was revived and the giraffe rose up successfully to join others.
One of the giraffes with a deep wound caused by a snare in
The giraffe had good chances of survival as the bones were not affected and the wound was still fresh with little infection. The topical treatments on the wound plus antibiotic cover will enhance quick healing of the wound and full recovery of the giraffe.
This was a case of a female adult giraffe that had been treated earlier but the affected part of the leg remained enlarged due to fibrosis of the tissues after a chronic infection following an injury. It was still limping and was avoiding weight on the affected leg.
It was also captured by darting from a distant, after it went recumbent; the infected limb was examined and found to be firm, enlarged with no oedema or pus accumulation. It was then treated with antinflammatory drugs and antibiotics then later on revived from anaesthesia. It had good chances of healing and recovery if the swelling resolved.
Treatment of a snared giraffe in Marula Ranch in Naivasha
This was one of the giraffes that were recently introduced in Marula ranch; they are kept in a large enclosure with an electric fence round with very good security available. So it was not immediately known where the animal got entangled with a snare. It was an adult female giraffe with a tight wire cutting round the middle phalanx. It had stayed with the injury for quite sometime and had lost much of its body condition due to pain and restricted movement and feeding.
The giraffe was captured by chemical immobilization through darting from a vehicle, the drug took effect after about 6 minutes and the giraffe went recumbent. Physical restrain using ropes and hands was applied to secure the animal in good position so that the wire could be retrieved from deep inside the muscles.
The wire was retrieved and cut off from the wound after excising through the tissue debris using a scalpel blade. Further treatment for the wound using 10% hydrogen peroxide solution followed by an application of a tincture of iodine and oxytetracycline spray. Additional treatment by antibiotics, multivitamins and antinflammatory drugs through intramuscular administration was provided to the giraffe to enhance healing of the injury caused by the snare.
The giraffe was then revived from anaesthesia and released to join the rest of the herd, prognosis was good after treatment, only the muscles had been damaged but they are likely to heal faster due to proper vascularisation.
Most of the cases in December involved treatment and rescue of some of the
Reported by: Dr. Domnic Mijele