THE MARA MOBILE VETERINARY UNIT
REPORT FOR - March 2018

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FIELD VETERINARY REPORT FROM MASAI MARA-MARCH 2018

By Campaign Limo

Introduction

The period under review was characterised by increased precipitation leading to severe flooding of most seasonal rivers. This hampered mobility and drastically reduced number of cases reported and attended to. This also came as a blessing for wildlife as this led to availability of plenty of water and forage.

Cases attended to included a week old baby hippo which was swept away by floods but was eventually rescued and re-united with the mother. The month also witnessed an increase in domestic animal predation by lions with the community retaliating by spearing a young lioness after killing several sheep in an enclosure at night. KWS officers took over investigations and offered assurance to the affected families. This happened only a week after another pride killed several cows in a nearby village. The owners were convinced to give wildlife authorities a chance for investigation and possible compensation.

The following cases were handled during the month;

CASE#1 INJURED ELEPHANT

Date: 13-03-2018

Species: African elephant

Age: Adult

Sex: Male

Location:  Musiara area (Near Main Governor’s Camp)

History

This old bull nicknamed `Blossom’ is a regular visitor to Governor’s camp.

He was spotted with an arrowhead at the base of his trunk and a suppurating wound on his right hind leg by Masai Mara Reserve Rangers and Governor’s camp guides. They called the mobile veterinary unit for help. This old bull was seen near the camp in company of a very protective young bull. He appeared calm with the arrowhead clearly visible from a distance.

He was spotted with an arrowhead at the base of his trunk  The elephant was darted for treatment

Immobilization, examination and treatment

Restraint was achieved chemically by use of 15mgs Etorphine hydrochloride delivered through a 1.5ml dan-inject dart from foot. All along, the young bull was very protective of him and made several mock charges before eventually moving away. The big bull followed him before being overwhelmed by the anaesthetic ten minutes later after covering close to 500meters. After stabilizing him, a thorough examination was conducted. The barbed arrowhead was retrieved from the base of the trunk and another one was found and removed from the injured left thigh after deep probing. Both arrowheads were considered not poisoned. The wounds were thoroughly cleaned with copious amount of water and hydrogen peroxide. Tincture of Iodine was used for disinfection and Cloxacillin ointment infused.

The arrowhead was removed  The vet team at work

Other treatments include parenteral administration of 30000mgs amoxicillin antibiotic and 5000mgs flunixin meglumine anti-inflammatory.

Another arrowhead is removed  Both wounds are thoroughly cleaned

Reversal

Reversal of the anaesthetic was achieved by administration of 36mgs Diprenorphine hydrochloride through a prominent ear vein. He woke up in three minutes to join his colleague.

Prognosis

Good.

He woke up in three minutes to join his colleague  His prognosis is good

CASE#2 DE-SNARING OF A ZEBRA

Date: 24th March 2018

Species: Common zebra

Sex: Male

Age: Adult

Location: Kawaii area (Trans-Mara)

History

This male zebra was seen dragging a braided wire snare on his right hind leg by Ann K Taylor de-snaring team together with Mara Triangle Rangers. They called the mobile veterinary unit for intervention. The Vet Team found him grazing with other zebras in a community area in good body condition. He was dragging a long braided wire snare on his right hind leg loosely attached to his fetlock joint.

Immobilization, examination and de-snaring

Immobilization was achieved by use of a combination of 6mgs Etorphine hydrochloride and 50mgs Azaperone delivered through a 1.5ml dan-inject dart from a vehicle. It took seven minutes for the drugs to take full effect with this zebra assuming left lateral recumbency. Since the snare was loose, it was removed without any complications and no injury on the leg was noted.

This male zebra was seen dragging a braided wire snare   It took seven minutes for the drugs to take full effect

Since the snare was loose, it was removed without any complications  He rose up in two minutes to join the rest of the herd

Reversal

Reversal of the anaesthetic was achieved by use of 12mgs Diprenorphine hydrochloride administered intravenously through the jugular vein. He rose up in two minutes to join the rest of the herd.

Prognosis

Good.

CASE#3 EXAMINATION OF A DEAD ELEPHANT COW

Date: 26th March 2018

Species: African elephant

Sex: Female

Age: Adult (45-50years)

Location: Masai Mara National Reserve

History;

This old female was found dead the morning of the 26th March by the Reserve security patrol team. They called the mobile veterinary unit to ascertain the cause of her death.

General observation

The following was noted on general assessment;

  • This old female appeared to be in a fair body condition despite her age. She had a body score of 3 out of 5 where 5 is excellent and 1 poor
  • She looked excessively bloated given that it was less than three hours since she died
  • No external injury noted even after turning the carcass over
  • She appeared to be lactating as both teats were engorged with milk being released on expression.
  • There were signs of struggle to stand up at the scene. There was also evidence the rest of the herd unsuccessfully tried to pull her up
  • Age related skin warts were observed on the dorsal parts of his body

On opening the carcass the following findings were noted,

  1. There was excessive tympani of the gastrointestinal system
  2. There was severe generalised congestion
  3. The lungs were pushed against the rib cage owing to abdominal pressure
  4. The liver and kidneys were all congested with the kidneys appearing larger than normal
  5. Uterus was located with signs of involution
  6. Loops of small intestines were seen ballooned with excessive gas accumulation
  7. Further examination revealed, the small intestines were twisted with a haemorrhagic band observed and could have caused the death of this elephant

Conclusion

This elephant cow could have died from intestinal torsion as the picture and post mortem lesions pointed to this.

Spirited attempts to locate and age the calf for possible rescue were made in vain. The family could not be traced and all the teams were advised to be on the lookout and report as soon as it is spotted for assessment.

This old female was found dead the morning of the 26th March  This elephant cow could have died from intestinal torsion

Other Activities

  • The team also helped in successfully driving out a problem lion who had accessed Simba lodge within the reserve causing tension within the lodge and to the management.

Conclusion

The Mara Mobile Veterinary Unit would like to thank all the partners who helped in reporting and assisting in intervention of cases during the month. Thanks to Minara foundation through The DSWT and KWS for their continued partnership which has resulted to several wildlife case interventions within the ecosystem.

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