Kenya is home to a vast array of habitats and animals - all require one thing to survive: Water
Litres of water distributed
Water shortages are increasingly becoming a fact of life, especially in arid areas like the Tsavo Conservation Area for a myriad of reasons.
There is no ‘one size fits all’ solution to the issue of water shortages and relief measures that are successful in one region may not work in another. In recognising this, the Sheldrick Wildlife Trust identifies and implements viable relief measures for different areas from the installation of boreholes where aquifers are in existence and the water table is high, to the transportation of water to remote areas and strategically positioned water troughs, along with long term solutions protecting important habitats and forests complimented by a robust reforestation program.
Operating eight water bowsers, five of which have a capacity of 20,000 litres, we have the ability to rapidly transport 124,000 litres of water at any one time. Filling up the bowsers from our network of boreholes or rivers, we bring some relief to drought-stricken areas and places of importance to wildlife. This includes the drinking troughs at our Reintegration Units, which are utilised by the orphaned elephants in our care, as well as visiting wild herds. In addition to this SWT donated three water bowsers to the Kenya Wildlife Service in 2018 and 2019.
With the help of hydrology experts and in support of the Kenya Wildlife Service, we have drilled 32 boreholes, including 29 boreholes in the Tsavo Conservation Area.
These lifelines tap into water tables beneath the ground and are strategically placed in locations far from human settlements, providing elephants and all wild animals with access to ample water. A further three boreholes have been drilled by the Sheldrick Wildlife Trust in Nairobi National Park (one) and Amu Ranch (two).
Utilising mostly wind or solar energy to power our pumps, the Trust undertakes weekly maintenance, as well as servicing and repairs when required, to ensure the boreholes remain productive and effective at all times.
In 2014, with the support of the KWS, we constructed a dam outside Amboseli National Park as part of an agreement with local communities to stop the unauthorised use of the Park’s water reserves, providing relief for local communities and the iconic elephants of this region.
We also dredge and deepen waterholes and monitor pipelines that run through the Tsavo Conservation Area, modifying any steep banks to ensure young calves can easily exit water points.
Utilising tractors, trucks and water bladders, we support the Lamu Conservation Trust by undertaking drought mitigation measures in the Lamu Conservation Area. This region has increasingly suffered from poor rains in recent years (with the exception of 2018) and having strategically positioned more than 25 troughs, we can carry out daily re-filling activities during times of drought.